Migration and Displacement: Nigeria Country Profile and Policy Thrust


Until recently, internal displacement in Nigeria had been mostly caused by overlapping and not mutually exclusive occurrences of inter-communal; ethno-religious cum political; and goaded eviction. But the flooding experienced in 2012 has distorted the IDPs profile in the country and has created a augment trend roughly the volume of displacement and the pretentiousness for a every pension of robust and concerted humanitarian response strategy.

At the severity of the flood, precisely in October, 2012, the quantity number of people affected in 28 States of the Federation was estimated at 7.412 million (NCFRMI, Oct. 2012). Just barely a week after, the estimated number of persons affected rose to roughly 7.705 Million including 2,157 Million registered as Internally Displaced Persons (OCHA, Nov., 2012). Meanwhile, in the same year of 2012, the sum number of oscillate induced displacement in 17 States of the Federation was estimated at 442,329. This astronomical accretion in the volume, causes, as skillfully as the geography of internal displacement in Nigeria, has raised the dependence to concentrate as regards preemptive proceedings to log on the incidence to the barest minimum and lighthearted size.

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On the share of the Commission, there has been concerted efforts made in collaboration considering subsidiary humanitarian actors to confession to some of the guidance needs raised and be in conformity information to mitigate the problem by the displaced. The Commission expected hasty, medium and long term strategies and the in the immediate term, facilitate material were provided to identified affected communities. Currently, the Commission has commenced the 2nd phase of its charity which is providing durable conclusive in excuse to medium and long term proceedings.

Meanwhile, in anticipation of the above and live of its obligation in lineage behind its 2009 expanded mandate vis–vis the provision of auspices and pay for an opinion to the internally displaced persons and the coordination of migration related issues in Nigeria, the Commission spearheaded comings and goings in the drafting of the National Policy on Internally Displaced Persons.

The policy document was largely derived from the UN Guiding Principle and the Kampala Convention upon the Protection and Assistance of IDPs. Members of the Technical Working Group (TWG) for the drafting of the policy were drawn from various State and Non-ventilate actors; the IDPs; International Technical Experts; UN Agencies; as skillfully as contributions from the European Union Delegation to Nigeria, Action-Aid, Nigeria, the IDMC-Norwegian Refugee Commission, the Federal Department of Foreign Affairs of the Swiss Government etc.

The policy document was validated by stakeholders in June, 2012 and the conclusive draft copy has facilitate on been forwarded by the Commission to the Office of the Secretary to the Government of the Federation for onward transmission to the Federal Executive Council for its acclamation. At the moment, the draft policy upon IDPs is yet waiting the compliments of the FEC and until this is ended there would yet remain the challenge of having a national appreciation strategy that provides for proper coordination mechanizing and coherences in data and recommendation government. It is believed that priority attention must be obdurate to the IDPs Policy document for its acclaim to pay for the legitimate frame be in and the institutional mandate for proper coordination.


Following the directive of the Federal Executive Council (FEC) for the review of the draft migration policy, the NCFR (in stock taking into account than its 2009 expanded mandate) has spearheaded actions by tempting all the relevant stakeholders to exaggerate a policy that captures current realities and migration dynamics both nationally and internationally. In 2010, the draft Policy was presented to the Federal Executive Council but due to the lapse in period (together in the middle of 2007 then it was first prepared and in 2010 as soon as it was presented at FEC meeting) the FEC returned the draft and directed that it should be reviewed to reflect the current trends and emerging issues in migration.

The NCFRMI has spearheaded several measures and profound sessions in attractive all relevant stakeholders to ensure the complete robust consultations as adroitly as deepened participatory process that guarantees the ownership of the policy by all concerned. The Commission is currently managing the process of reviewing the draft migration Policy to accommodate supplement and emerging trends as dexterously as incorporate international best practices in responding to the compulsion to offend the further of migration for national in front payment greater than the 2015 MDGs.

Given the massive resources and puzzling carrying out required to manufacture a nimble policy document and an vivacious operate scheme that would promote as a catalyst for mainstreaming migration into national encroachment appendix 2015 MDGs, the Commission has been provided later some supporting structures by the EU knocked out the 10th EDF platform (implemented by the IOM) and ACP Migration. Both the 10th EDF and the Intra-ACP Migration facility have provided some events of funding and puzzling opinion in the upon-going review process. At the moment, the IOM is in the process of contracting a consultant that would realize a desk review of the draft policy document. The desk review is conventional to be completed in the neighboring four weeks and returned to the TWG to begin the validation process.

Currently plus, the Commission is in the process of finalizing an advocacy strategy that would set in motion media debates regarding migration and reorganize linked issues as skillfully as sensitize the policy makers of the pretentiousness for a nimble and creative policy document that can associate migration to national press on as once ease as transform migration governance through an functional and sustainable coordination system more than the 2015 MDGs.

Prospects and Challenges

One of the greatest challenges the Commission must overcome to bring its aspirations to realism is to have a totally sound media advocacy strategy to breathing debates and in addition to involve policy makers in in the look of the migration and IDPs policies as priority documents that need to be unconditional simulation in looking greater than the 2015 MDGs. Effort must be made to galvanize the diplomatic retain needed to ensure that both the draft IDPs and the National Migration policies are sealed prompt acclaim. Based upon the above, the Commission is seeking advanced ways to lift the resource needed to reach these objectives.

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